Walking in water offers a variety of benefits, including the draining of slags, with the consequent improvement of diseases like cellulitis, the relief from the swelling and heaviness sensation, the training of physical resistance, the improvement of back pain, the toning of muscles, a great heat consumption, that leads to the loss of weight, and the improvement of blood circulation. Moreover, walking in water is a perfect means for motor recovery, for example after an injury or a surgery.
The effectiveness of this kind of aquatic physiotherapy is directly proportional to the level of the water; in fact, when the water is high, every part of the body is trained and the recovery is improved and accelerated.
Features of water
In water, the weight of the body diminishes, as affirmed by the Archimedes’ principle, stating that a body totally or partially immersed in a fluid is subject to an upward force equal in magnitude to the weight of fluid it displaces; thanks to this feature, the walk is water is appropriate also for people that, because of their physical disease, cannot train out of water, as it would be too risky or it would imply too much effort. In fact, the dry walk exerts pressure on joints and it could prove counterproductive in cases in which the patient’s conditions are particularly delicate. This risk can be avoided with the walk in water, as it does not exert pressure on joints and it proves to be a less aggressive training for recovery in comparison with dry workout.
In the meantime, water is denser than air and it resists the movements of the body; for this reason, the walk in water is more effective than the one out of water and it allows a better and faster recovery of the mobility.
Suitable for everyone
It is not necessary to be able to swim in order to practise this activity, because walking in water is an activity that is suitable for people of all ages, all weights and all levels of training. In fact, the training can be adapted to the individual necessities and needed kind of recovery, as the difficulty can be established by choosing the right level of the water and the speed of the walk.
Nevertheless, it is advisable to train under the guidance of an expert, at least for the first times. This is necessary because an incorrect position during the walk, for example if the back is not straight enough during the whole training, could bring to further physical problems instead of helping the recovery.